Oxfam is an international confederation of charitable organizations focused on the alleviation of global poverty that was originally founded in 1942 as the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief by a group of Quakers, social activists, and Oxford academics. Their mission was to persuade the British government to allow food relief through the Allied blockade for the starving citizens of occupied Greece.

Oxfam's programmes address the structural causes of poverty and related injustice and work primarily through local accountable organizations, seeking to enhance their effectiveness. Oxfam's stated goal is to help people directly when local capacity is insufficient or inappropriate, and to assist in the development of structures which directly benefit people facing the realities of poverty and injustice.